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Studies in theWord – June 2020

Studies in theWord

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Relationship with Jesus Christ.

AS FOR myself, brethren, when I came to you, I did not come proclaiming to you the testimony and evidence or mystery and secret of God [concerning what He has done through Christ for the salvation of men] in lofty words of eloquence or human philosophy and wisdom; For I resolved to know nothing (to be acquainted with nothing, to make a display of the knowledge of nothing, and to be conscious of nothing) among you except Jesus Christ (the Messiah) and Him crucified. And I was in ( passed into a state of) weakness and fear (dread) and great trembling [ after I had come] among you. And my language and my message were not set forth in persuasive (enticing and plausible) words of wisdom, but they were in demonstration of the [Holy] Spirit and power [ a proof by the Spirit and power of God, operating on me and stirring in the minds of my hearers the most holy emotions and thus persuading them],S o that your faith might not rest in the wisdom of men (human philosophy), but in the power of God. (1 Corinthians 2:1-5 The Amplified Bible – see the Resource Sales Column)
 
For those who enjoy a good read and who love debating, thinking through topics it can become easy to chase after man’s knowledge, and at times this gets mixed into studying the Bible where we chase after man’s accolades over our knowledge of the Bible. We need to focus on growing in our relationship with Jesus Christ. There is a place for study and a place for sharing what we learn as Lord willing we will learn next time in our monthly study. Here is a day from the devotional book “Amazing Grace, 366 Hymn Stories for Personal Devotions” over the song “I’d Rather have Jesus”.  
 
—————–
June 23
I’D RATHER HAVE JESUS
Mrs. Rhea F. Miller, 1894-1966
For to me, to live is Christ and to die is gain. (Philippians 1:21)
The inspiring and challenging words of this hymn, written by Mrs. Rhea Miller, so influenced 23-year-old George Beverly Shea that they determined the direction of his entire life. As he began to compose a melody for these moving lines, he decided to devote his singing talent to God’s glory alone.
Growing up with devoted Christian parents, Bev was encouraged to use his fine singing voice often in the services of the Wesleyan Methodist churches of which his father was a minister. Financial needs of the family made it necessary for him to leave college and work in an insurance office. However, he continued singing in churches and for Christian radio programs. Unexpectedly he was offered an audition for a secular singing position in New York City and passed the test. The opportunity for a substantial salary and wide recognition made Bev’s decision very difficult.
One Sunday as Bev went to the family piano to prepare a song for the morning service, he found there the poem “I’d Rather Have Jesus.” His mother, who collected beautiful quotations and literary selections, had begun to leave some of them around the house for her son to read, hoping to guide him spiritually. Bev was deeply moved with the challenging message of this text. Immediately he began to compose the music for the lines and used the song that same day in his father’s church service.
Bev Shea comments: “Over the years, I’ve not sung any song more than ‘I’d Rather Have Jesus,’ but I never tire of Mrs. Miller’s heartfelt words.” As a young man of 23, Bev allowed the message of this text to guide him wisely to a wonderfully productive and worthwhile life of service to Christ as he shared his musical “theme song” with audiences around the world-
I’d rather have Jesus than silver or gold; I’d rather be His than have riches untold; I’d rather have Jesus than houses or land; I’d rather be led by His nail-pierced hand:
I’d rather have Jesus than men’s applause; I’d rather be faithful to His dear cause; I’d rather have Jesus than world-wide fame; I’d rather be true to His holy name:
He’s fairer than lilies of rarest bloom; He’s sweeter than honey from out the comb; He’s all that my hungering spirit needs-I’d rather have Jesus and let Him lead:
Refrain: Than to be the king of a vast domain or be held in sin’s dread sway! I’d rather have Jesus than anything this world affords today.
     

For Today: Joshua 24:15; Matthew 16:24-26; Romans 1:16; Philippians 3:8
What would be your honest response to this question: “What are you living for and what would you be willing to die for?” Sing this testimony-
Amazing Grace, 366 Hymn Stories for Personal Devotions – see the Resource Sales Column

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Studies in theWord – May 2020

Studies in theWord

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The Pure Milk of the Word of God

1 Peter 2:1-3

Formatting/studying guide can be found in NT-BSG (New Testament Bible study/Message Preparation Guide) – See Resources Column

Context: 1 Peter 1:22-25; 1 Peter 2:1-10
Our center of attention today is: to be setting aside, desiring, and tasting like the people of God.


1. (1 Peter 2:1) – The things the believer must set aside.

So get rid of all evil behavior. Be done with all deceit, hypocrisy, jealousy, and all unkind speech.
NLT (New Living Translation) – See Resources Column
Rid yourselves, therefore, of all malice, and all guile, insincerity, envy, and all
slander. NRSV (New Revised Standard Version) – See Resources Column / You may also be interested in RSV (Revised Standard Version) – See Resources Column

Ἀποθέμενοι
The men (believers) setting aside

οὖν
therefore

πᾶσαν κακίαν
all evilness

καὶ πάντα δόλον
and all lying (deceiving)

καὶ ὑποκρίσεις
and hypocrisy

καὶ φθόνους
and jealousies

καὶ πάσας καταλαλιάς UBS5 (United Bible Society 5th Revised Edition) – See Resources Column
and all defaming (slandering NASEC – See Newsletter Sales in News)

An application:
Our center of attention today is: to be setting aside, desiring, and tasting like the people of God.
· Prayer: God help me to set aside these things:

o Evilness in general

o Lies

Hypocrisy, I need to be who I am as a believer.

Jealousies, I should envy other pastors, believers.

I should not defame, slander other believers or others.


2. (1 Peter 2:2) – The believers must desire the pure milk of the Word.
Like newborn babies, you must crave pure spiritual milk so that you will grow into a
full experience of salvation. Cry out for this nourishment, NLT (New Living Translation) – See Resources Column
Like newborn infants, long for the pure, spiritual milk, so that by it you may grow
into salvation— NRSV (New Revised Standard Version) – See Resources Column / You may also be interested in RSV (Revised Standard Version) – See Resources Column

ὡς
as

ἀρτιγέννητα βρέφη
newborn babies

τὸ λογικὸν ἄδολον γάλα
the pure milk of the Word

ἐπιποθήσατε,
you all must desire

ἵνα
so that

ἐν αὐτῷ
in (by) it (the milk)

αὐξηθῆτε
you may be growing

εἰς σωτηρίαν,  UBS5 (United Bible Society 5th Revised Edition) – See Resources Column
for (with reference to) salvation,
Context points toward present tense (sanctification) or future tense (glorification) not past tense (justification) of salvation.
σωτηρία: salvation, deliverance, preservation
Systematic Theology by Chafer, Lewis Sperry – See Resources Column
“Salvation has reference to the believer’s past, present, and future.

(a) The past tense, which releases from the guilt and penalty of
sin, is wholly accomplished for all who believe at the time when they believe
(Luke 7:50; 1 Cor. 1:18; 2 Cor. 2:15; 2 Tim. 1:9).

(b) The present tense, which releases from the power of sin, is
being accomplished now in those who exercise faith for it (John 17:17; Rom.
6:14; 8:2; Gal. 5:16; Phil. 2:12–13).

(c) The future tense releases from the very presence of sin (Rom.
13:11; Eph. 5:25–27; Phil. 1:6; 1 Pet. 1:3–5; 1 John 3:1–2).”

An application:
Our center of attention today is: to be setting aside, desiring, and tasting like the people of God.

· Prayer: God help me to grow

I need to desire the Word, each day, more and more like a new born baby does milk.


3. (1 Peter 2:3) – The believers have tasted the kindness.
now that you have had a taste of the Lord’s kindness. (NLT)
if indeed you have tasted that the Lord is good. NRSV (New Revised Standard Version) – See Resources Column / You may also be interested in RSV (Revised Standard Version) – See Resources Column

εἰ
if (since)

ὅτι
that

χρηστὸς
kind (good)

is

κύριος.  UBS5 (United Bible Society 5th Revised Edition) – See Resources Column
the Lord.

An application:
Our center of attention today is: to be setting aside, desiring, and tasting like the people of God.

· Prayer: God thanks for Your kindness.

God help me remember your kindness and Your taste.


Conclusion:

Our center of attention today was: to be setting aside, desiring, and trying (tasting) like the people of God.

1. (1 Peter 2:1) – The things the believer must set aside.
2. (1 Peter 2:2) – The believers must desire the pure milk of the Word.
3. (1 Peter 2:3) – The believers have tasted the kindness.

Formatting/studying guide can be found in NT-BSG (New Testament Bible study/Message Preparation Guide) – See Resources Column

Some Additional Resources – See the Resource Column

Resources

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Studies in theWord – April 2020

Studies in theWord

(Note: The resources are indicated throughout the Bible study.)

For our Justification

Context: Romans 4:1-21 – Romans 4:1-5
What then shall we say that Abraham our father has found according to the flesh?For if Abraham was justified by works, he has [something] to boast about, but not before God.For what does the Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.”Now to him who works, the wages are not counted as grace but as debt.But to him who does not work but believes on Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is accounted for righteousness, NKJV (New King James Version) – See Resources Column

Our center of attention today is: to know how we can be righteous.
1. (Romans 4:22) – What was counted for righteousness?

And therefore “it was accounted to him for righteousness.”
Romans 4:3 – For what does the Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.”
Genesis 15:6 – And he believed in the LORD, and He accounted it to him for righteousness. NKJV – See Resources Column

4:3 Paul quotes Gen. 15:6 to prove that Abraham was not justified by works. God made a promise to Abraham, and Abraham trusted God to fulfill it. Because of Abraham’s faith, God credited Abraham with righteousness. In gaining this righteousness from God, Abraham did not obey some law or perform some ritual like circumcision, he simply believed God. NKJV Study Bible – See Resources Column

An application:

  • The faith of Abraham was counted for righteousness. The same is applicable to me my faith in the LORD is counted for righteousness.
  • The faith of those that believe in Jesus Christ is counted for righteousness.

2. (Romans 4:23-25) – Who was resurrected for our righteousness?

A. (Romans 4:23) – It was not written only for Abraham.
Now it was not written for his sake alone that it was imputed to him, NKJV – See Resources Column

imputed BDAG (A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature) – See Resources Column – “to determine by mathematical process, reckon, calculate, freq. in a transf. sense . . .—But ‘place to one’s account’ can also mean credit τῷ ἐργαζομένῳ ὁ μισθὸς οὐ λογίζεται κατὰ χάριν a worker’s wages are not credited as a favor (but as a claim) Ro 4:4.

B. (Romans 4:24) – It was written for us.
but also for us. It shall be imputed to us who believe in Him who raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead, NKJV – See Resources Column

C. (Romans 4:25) – Jesus our Lord was given over and was raised with purpose.
who was delivered up because of our offenses, and was raised because of our justification. NKJV – See Resources Column

delivered upVGNTS (Vocabulary of the Greek Testament: Student Edition) – See Resources Column – “παραδίδωμι [page 482]* [paradidōmi, “to hand over,” “to deliver up”]”

4:25 The Lord Jesus was delivered up because of our offenses, and was raised because of our justification. Although the preposition because of (Gk. dia) is used here in connection with both our offenses and our justification, the context demands a different shade of meaning in each case. He was delivered up not only because of our offenses but in order to put them away. He was raised up because of our justification—which we are justified. In the first instance, our offenses were the problem that needed to be dealt with. In the second instance, our justification is the result that is assured by Christ’s resurrection. There could have been no justification if Christ had remained in the tomb. But the fact that He rose tells us that the work is finished, the price has been paid, and God is infinitely satisfied with the sin-atoning work of the Savior. Believers Bible Commentary – See Resources Column

An application:

  • This was not written only for Abraham. It was written for me since I believe in God who raised Jesus Christ from the dead. Jesus was delivered up for my transgressions and was resurrected for my justification.
  • This was not written only for Abraham. It was also written for those who believe in God, Who raised Jesus Christ from the dead. Jesus was delivered up for your transgressions and was resurrected for your justification.

Some Additional Resources on Sale – See the Resource Column

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Studies in theWord – March 2020

Studies in theWord

(Note: The resources on sale are indicated throughout the Bible study. Sales are good through April 15th.)

The God of Peace will be with you.

Philippians 4:8-9 Finally, brothers and sisters, whatever is true, whatever is noble, whatever is right, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely, whatever is admirable—if anything is excellent or praiseworthy—think about such things. Whatever you have learned or received or heard from me, or seen in me—put it into practice. And the God of peace will be with you. New International Version 2011 (NIV2) – See Resources Column

Philippians 4:8-9 For the rest, brethren, whatever is true, whatever is worthy of reverence and is honorable and seemly, whatever is just, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely and lovable, whatever is kind and winsome and gracious, if there is any virtue and excellence, if there is anything worthy of praise, think on and weigh and take account of these things [fix your minds on them]. Practice what you have learned and received and heard and seen in me, and model your way of living on it, and the God of peace (of untroubled, undisturbed well-being) will be with you. Amplified Bible (AMP) – See Resources Column

Context: Brothers and sisters/brethren – Paul is writing to believers.


Whatever is true:
Here is a quote from: Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible – See Resources Column
“. . . truth (Gk. alḗtheia) . . . Early Christian use of alḗtheia reflects the diversity of meanings which ˒ĕmeṯ has in the OT and rabbinic sources as well as Greek and Hellenistic usage. The author of Ephesians uses alḗtheia in the sense of that which “has certainty and force” in contrast to pagan ways and of the “truth” that was in Jesus (Eph. 4:21). Likewise, for Paul “truth” means a legitimate standard, that which is “genuine” or “proper,” which could be used to measure the claims of his opponents against him (Gal. 2:5). It is also used in the sense of “uprightness” (e.g., “do the right thing”; John 3:21; 1 John 1:6). “Truth” is the opposite of wrongdoing (1 Cor. 13:6). It can also designate that which is reliable or trustworthy, as opposed to human falsehood; likewise, it can refer to God’s justice in contrast to mankind’s injustice (Rom. 3:3–7). “Truth” can also simply mean “sincerity or honesty” (2 Cor. 7:14).”

Brothers and sisters are we thinking on what is true as we read the news, social media and more?


Whatever is just:
Here is a quote from: Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible – See Resources Column
“Justice is rooted in God’s character (Isa. 5:16; Deut. 32:4), and justice is what God demands of followers (16:20). A central concept is that the justice of a community is measured by their treatment of the poor and oppressed (Isa. 1:16–17; 3:15). Although the message of justice is woven throughout the Bible, the prophets especially issued a strong call for the covenant community to recognize God as the God of justice and to repent of their injustice. Their primary message can be summarized in the words of Mic. 6:8: “What does the Lord require of you but to do justice, and to love kindness, and to walk humbly with your God?””

Brothers and sisters are we being just in our actions as we face difficult times?


Philippians 4:8b – If there is anything worthy of praise, think on and weigh and take account of these things (AMP)

Here is a quote from: Theological Dictionary of the New Testament (TDNT) – See Resources Column
“épainos/έπαινος [praise, approval]

Praise and approval were much sought after in antiquity, though the Stoic tried to achieve freedom from human judgment. In the OT, épainos is the recognition that the community gives the righteous, but especially God’s approval. In Philo it is the approval of Moses or God, but sometimes public applause in the Greek sense. épainos may also be used in the LXX for the community’s attitude of praise and worship toward God. God’s throne is surrounded by dóxa and épainos (1 Chr. 16:27).

  1. The NT use resembles that of the LXX. Only God’s approval counts, not public acclaim (Rom. 2:29; 1 Cor. 4:5). The idea is that of vindication rather than reward. épainos is God’s saving sentence at the manifestation of Christ (1 Pet. 1:7).
  2. Christians should not be concerned, then, about human recognition. Apart from God’s recognition, they are to seek recognition only from those whom God has commissioned, i.e., a. the community (2 Cor. 8:18), and b. the government (Rom. 13:3-4; 1 Pet. 2:14). The only instance of classical usage is in Phil. 4:8. [. . .]

[H. Preisker, II, 586-88]”

Brothers and sisters are we thinking on what is worthy of praise? 


Philippians 4:9a – Whatever you have learned or received or heard from me, or seen in me—put it into practice. (NIV2)

Here is a quote from: New International Commentary: Paul’s Letter to the Philippians – See Resources Column
9 With this sentence Paul brings the exhortations to conclusion. 31  It is not surprising that they end on the note of “imitation.” Not only is such imitation urged on them explicitly in 3:17, but this motif belongs to “friendship” and is probably in view from the beginning of the letter (1:12). 32  In effect this sentence summarizes, as well as concludes, the letter. Paul’s concern throughout has been the gospel, not its content (“doctrinal error” is not at issue), but its lived out expression in the world. To get there he has informed them of his response to his own present suffering (1:12–26), reminded them of the “way of Christ” (2:6–11), and told his own story (3:4–14), all of which were intended to appeal, warn, and encourage them to steadfastness and unity in the face of opposition. Now he puts it to them plainly, as the final proviso to the preceding list of “virtues” that they should take into account. Read that list, he now tells them, 33  in light of what “you have learned and received and heard and seen in me,” and above all else “put these things (you have learned, etc.) into practice.” 34 

What he calls them to “practice” is “what things” 35  they have “learned” and “received” from him by way of instruction and what they have heard about him (from this letter? Epaphroditus? Timothy?) and seen in him by way of example. The first two verbs reflect his Jewish tradition, where what is “learned” is thus “received” by students. 36  For the combination “heard and seen in me” see on 1:30. In that context in particular it had to do with their common struggle of suffering for Christ’s sake. Given the overall context of this letter, one may rightly assume that, whatever the specifics, Paul is once again calling them to the kind of cruciform existence he has been commending and urging on them throughout. Only as they are “conformed to Christ’s death,” as Paul himself seeks continually to be, even as they eagerly await the final consummation at his coming, will they truly live what is “virtuous” and “praiseworthy” from Paul’s distinctively “in Christ” perspective.”


Philippians 4:9b – And the God of peace will be with you. (NIV2)

Philippians 4:7 uses the same word for peace as in verse 9.

Here is a quote from: IVP Bible Background Commentary, New Testament – See Resources Column
“4:6–7. “Peace” (v. 7) could indicate tranquillity, although in the context of unity it may have its usual meaning of peace with one another (as in Greco-Roman homonoia speeches). If any connotations of the latter use are present, the image of such peace “standing guard” (if pressed in a military sense) over hearts and minds is striking. Jewish prayers (some based on Num 6:24) often asked God to keep his people from harm.”

Remember the context that Paul is writing to believers. This is not talking about God leaving the believer it is talking about the God of peace being with the believer. But there is a key for the believer to see this in action in their life think on the truth, think on the just, think on the praise worthy. Do not focus on the lies, do not focus on the unjust, do not focus on the un-praise worthy. And practice the things as a believer that you’ve learned from Paul. See the context of Philippians 3:8-17.

What are you thinking on? What am I thinking on?

Philippians 4:8-9 Bible Study by Jonathan Koehn

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Studies in theWord – February 2020

Studies in theWord

(Note: The resources are indicated throughout the Bible study.)

Romans 12:1&2 Bible Study by Delton Koehn

Romans 12:1&2 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that you present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your reasonable service. And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what is that good and acceptable and perfect will of God.” New King James Bible (NKJV) – See Resources Column

Romans 12:1&2 Introduction

In contrasting chapters 1—11 with chapters 12—16 of Romans, perhaps the most important distinction is that the first part deals primarily with God’s actions for humanity, and the last part deals with people’s actions in response to God’s. This is an oversimplification of the book, but the distinction is a valid one. God’s provision contrasts with man’s responsibility to behave in a manner consistent with what God has done, is doing, and will do for him (cf. Phil. 2:12-13) The Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas L. Constable  See Resources Column

Phil 2:12-13 So then, my beloved, just as you have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your salvation with fear and trembling; 13 for it is God who is at work in you, both to will and to work for His good pleasure.” New American Standard Bible Bundle (NASB) (LBLA) (NBLH) – See Resources Column

The first part (Romans chapters 1-11) is more information for belief whereas the last part (Romans chapters 12-16)is more exhortation for action. The first part stresses right relations with God and the last part right relations with other people.  The Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas L. Constable  See Resources Column

1. Romans 12:1 Serious and devout consideration of the mercies of God, as they have been set forth in chapters 1-11, leads to only one conclusion—we should present our bodies as a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God. Our bodies stand for all our members and, by extension, our entire lives. Believer’s Bible Commentary – See Resources Column

a. Because of God’s great love for us in giving His beloved Son to die in our place. It is only reasonable that we would give ourselves as a living sacrifice, set apart unto the Lord. Having a heart of true spiritual worship!

2. Romans 12:2 Secondly, Paul urges us not to be conformed to this world, or as Phillips paraphrases it: “Don’t let the world around you squeeze you into its own mold.” When we come to the kingdom of God, we should abandon the thought-patterns and lifestyles of the world. Here, then, are three keys for knowing God’s will. The first is a yielded body, the second a separated life, and the third a transformed mind. Believer’s Bible Commentary – See Resources Column

a. A yielded body (living sacrifice)

i. No longer living according to the flesh.
ii. Living according to the will of God and His word.
iii. Living a life that glorifies God in a heart of worship.

b. Separated life (Holy)

i. My life has been separated unto God; he is foremost in my decision making.
ii. Rom 14:8 For if we live, we live to the Lord; and if we die, we die to the Lord. Therefore, whether we live or die, we are the Lord’s.  The New King James Bible (NKJV) – See Resources Column
iii. My life belongs to God!

c. Transformed Mind (renewed mind)

i. It is to a mental, a spiritual renewal. We are invited to a renovation, which shall be not merely outward and bodily, but shall commence with the very center and spring and root of our being. There is wisdom in this provision. It originates in the Author and Framer of our being, who knew what was in man. The Pulpit Commentary – See Resources Column
ii. Through the power of the Holy Spirit our very thought pattern will change from self-centered to God centered.

Conclusion

In the next verses apostle Paul goes on to tell us how to serve God, with the spiritual gifts given to us by Holy Spirit. There is a reason I believe that Romans 12:1&2 came first, for our lives must be totally yielded, separated, and our minds transformed, for our gifts to be used effectively among the body of believers. Showing for all the world to see a true heart of worship to God!


Some more resources for this passage.

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Studies from theWord – January 2020

Studies from theWord

(Note: The resources are throughout the Bible study.)

As of January 1, 2020 theWordBooks LLC is under new owernship of Jonathan Koehn. We give thanks to the many countless hours that brother David Cox invested into theWordBooks LLC and continues to invest into theWord. Thank you dear brother. You can find him working on these websites.

This time of year the pushing through life happens. We also tend to crash after the Holiday highs of family time, emotion, days off and more. Sometimes we need reminded to draw back to the truth of God’s Word. Let’s turn to “the Word of God” in “theWord” and let’s study in regards to the “truth”.

2 John 1:1-3
From the elder, to an elect lady and her children, whom I love in truth (and not I alone, but also all those who know the truth), because of the truth that resides in us and will be with us forever. Grace, mercy, and peace will be with us from God the Father and from Jesus Christ the Son of the Father, in truth and love. from NET Bible, version 2, full notes edition – See Resources Column


2 John 1:1-3
Ὁ πρεσβύτερος ἐκλεκτῇ κυρίᾳ καὶ τοῖς τέκνοις αὐτῆς, οὓς ἐγὼ ἀγαπῶ ἐν ἀληθείᾳ, καὶ οὐκ ἐγὼ μόνος ἀλλὰ καὶ πάντες οἱ ἐγνωκότες τὴν ἀλήθειαν, διὰ τὴν ἀλήθειαν τὴν μένουσαν ἐν ἡμῖν καὶ μεθ’ ἡμῶν ἔσται εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα. ἔσται μεθ’ ἡμῶν χάρις ἔλεος εἰρήνη παρὰ θεοῦ πατρὸς καὶ παρὰ Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ τοῦ υἱοῦ τοῦ πατρὸς ἐν ἀληθείᾳ καὶ ἀγάπῃ. from 
Greek Bible text of the Novum Testamentum Graece, 28th edition (Nestle Aland) (GNT) – See Resources Column

John “the elder” greets the “elect lady and her children” some consider this to be a church and congregants; and others an individual and her children.

tn This phrase may refer to an individual or to a church (or the church at large). Some have suggested that the addressee is a Christian lady named “Electa,” but the same word in v. 13 is clearly an adjective, not a proper name. Others see the letter addressed to a Christian lady named “Kyria” (first proposed by Athanasius) or to an unnamed Christian lady. The internal evidence of 2 John clearly supports a collective reference, however. In v. 6 the addressee is mentioned using second person plural, and this is repeated in vv. 8, 10, and 12. Only in v. 13 does the singular reappear. The uses in vv. 1 and 13 are most likely collective. Some have seen a reference to the church at large, but v. 13, referring to “the children of your elect sister” is hard to understand if the universal church is in view. Thus the most probable explanation is that the “elect lady” is a particular local church at some distance from where the author is located.

sn 2 John is being written to warn a “sister” church some distance away, referred to as an elect lady, of the missionary efforts of the secessionist false teachers (discussed in 1 John) and the dangers of welcoming them whenever they arrive. from NET Bible, version 2, full notes edition – See Resources Column

2 John 1:1-3
From the elder, to an elect lady and her children, whom I love in truth (and not I alone, but also all those who know the truth), because of the truth that resides in us and will be with us forever. Grace, mercy, and peace will be with us from God the Father and from Jesus Christ the Son of the Father, in truth and love. (NET2)

This group John loves in truth (οὓς ἐγὼ ἀγαπῶ ἐν ἀληθείᾳ,)

ἀγαπάω, –,

[in LXX chiefly for H157;]

to love, to feel and exhibit esteem and goodwill to a person,
to prize and delight in a thing.

1. Of human affection, to men: τ. πλησίον, Mat 5:43; τ. ἐχθρούς, Mat 5:44;
to Christ, Joh 8:42;
to God, Mat 22:37; c. acc rei, Luk 11:43, Joh 12:43 Eph 5:25, 2Ti 4:8; 2Ti 4:10, Heb 1:9, 1Pe 2:17, 1Pe 3:10, 2Pe 2:15, 1Jn 2:15, Rev 12:11.

2. Of divine love;

(a) God’s love: to men, Rom 8:37;
to Christ, Joh 3:35;

(b) Christ’s love: to men, Mar 10:21;
to God, Joh 14:31;
c. cogn.
acc, Joh 17:26, Eph 2:4.

SYN.: φιλέω G5368*. From its supposed etymology (Thayer, LS; but v. also Boisacq. is commonly understood properly to denote love based on esteem (diligo), as distinct from that expressed by φιλέω (amo), spontaneous natural affection, emotional and unreasoning. If this distinction holds, a. is fitly used in NT of Christian love to God and man, the spiritual affection which follows the direction of the will, and which, therefore, unlike that feeling which is
instinctive and unreasoned, can be commanded as a duty. (Cf.
ἀγάπη G26*, and v. Tr., 12; Cremer, 9, 592; and esp. MM, VGT, s.v.

from Abbott-Smith’s Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (AMGL) – See Resources Column

 

2 John 1:1-3
From the elder, to an elect lady and her children, whom I love in truth (and not I alone, but also all those who know the truth), because of the truth that resides in us and will be with us forever. Grace, mercy, and peace will be with us from God the Father and from Jesus Christ the Son of the Father, in truth and love. (NET2)

As a believer in Jesus Christ the truth that resides in us and will be with us forever.
The word truth is used 5x throughout the book of 2 John in various forms sometimes as 2x direct object (accusative) and 3x indirect object (dative); the word love is used 2x as a verb and 2x as a noun. You can check this out with the Greek Bible text of the Greek Bible text of the Novum Testamentum Graece, 28th edition (Nestle Aland) (GNT) – See Resources Column and Robinson’s Morphological Analysis Codes See Resources Column

2 John 1:1-3
From the elder, to an elect lady and her children, whom I love in truth (and not I alone, but also all those who know the truth), because of the truth that resides in us and will be with us forever. Grace, mercy, and peace will be with us from God the Father and from Jesus Christ the Son of the Father, in truth and love. (NET2)

We need to be reminded to look to the Word of God for the truth. Often we are told look to your inner-self (not God) for truth, look to more and more books for truth, truth is relative and so on. This truth that resides in us comes from the Jesus Christ, the Holy Spirit and the Bible (see commentary notes below from Believer’s Bible Commentary).

Brothers and sisters this is just but a taste of “theWord” and “the Word of God” please take some time in this new year and dig in for yourself into “the Word of God”.

In Christ,

Jonathan Koehn @ theWordBooks

 

  1. THE APOSTLE’S
    SALUTATION: GRACE, MERCY, AND PEACE (Vv. 1-3)
  2. 1 In 2 John, the apostle introduces himself as the elder. This may refer to age or official position in the church. As to age, John was the last of the apostles who had companied with the Lord Jesus. As to official position, he surely was a bishop or overseer. Thus, we need not choose our explanation; both are correct.

The expression “To the elect lady” is not so easy to explain. Three views are commonly held. (1) Some believe that the elect lady is the church, elsewhere referred to as the Bride of Christ, or a particular local church. (2) Others think that the Letter was addressed to “the elect Kyria”—her name being Kyria. This name could be the Greek equivalent to the Aramaic name Martha (both mean “lady”). 1 (3) Others feel that John is writing to an unnamed Christian lady, who with all other believers is among the elect of God—chosen in Christ before the foundation of the world.

We prefer the last view, and feel it is especially significant that this warning against anti-christian teachers should be found in a Letter addressed to a woman. Sin first entered the world through Eve’s being deceived by Satan. “The woman being deceived, fell into transgression” (1 Tim. 2:14). Paul speaks of false teachers who make a special appeal to women; they get into the house and capture “gullible women loaded down with sins, led away by various lusts,” who will listen to anyone and yet are “never able to come to the knowledge of the truth” (2 Tim. 3:6, 7). Even today the false cults visit homes during the daytime, when the man of the house is usually at work. Children need to be warned against false teachers also.

John states that he loves this elect lady and her children … in truth. Those who are saved find themselves in a wonderful fellowship, loving others whom they never would have loved, were it not for their common love for the truth of God. It is God’s truth that binds hearts together—the hearts of all those who have known the truth.

  1. 2 Because of the truth has two possible explanations. It may refer to the motive for loving all the saints, or it may give John’s reason for writing this Letter. Both are valid meanings. The truth which abides in us and will be with us forever. Here the truth may refer to: (1) the Lord Jesus Christ. He said, “I am … the truth” (John 14:6); (2) the Holy Spirit. “The Spirit is truth” (1 Jn. 5:6; see John 14:16, 17); or (3) the Bible. “Your word is truth” (John 17:17). Should we not pause to marvel at our being sustained by these Three, and their being with us forever!
  2. 3 John’s greeting is “grace, mercy, and peace will be with you.” 2Grace is undeserved favor to those who deserve the opposite. Mercy is pity shown to those who are guilty and wretched. Peace is the harmonious relationship that results from God’s grace and mercy. All three of these blessings are from God the Father and from the Lord Jesus Christ. The Father is the Source and the Son is the Channel.
    In addition, they are in truth and love, and never at the expense of either of these virtues.

Footnotes

1 (V. 1) Less likely, the Greek word for elect (Eklektē, “Electa”) could be taken as a proper name and the word “lady” as a title: “Lady Electa.”

2 (V. 3) The critical (NU) and majority (M) texts read “us.” The Greek words for you/we, for you/us, and your/our are only one letter different from each other, hence the copying problems in the mss. (See, e.g., V. 8, where the NU text reads you, not we.)

from Believer’s Bible Commentary – See Resources Column

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As of January 1, 2020 theWordBooks LLC is under new owernship of Jonathan Koehn. We give thanks to the many countless hours that brother David Cox invested into theWordBooks LLC and continues to invest into theWord. Thank you dear brother.

This time of year the pushing through life happens. We also tend to crash after the Holiday highs of family time, emotion, days off and more. Sometimes we need reminded to draw back to the truth of God’s Word. Let’s turn to “theWord” and “the Word of God” and let’s study in regards to the “truth”.


Starting January 15th . . .